Gawai Burung Date: 06 Sep 2016 Gawai Burung:The ornate and colourful carving, which is a tribute to the Iban war god, Singalang Burung, has special significance during the “Gawai Burung” or “Bird Festival”, a ritual believed to have originated in the ways when the Iban were fierce warriors and head-hunters.
Pua Kumbu Date: 06 Sep 2016 Pua Kumbu:An exotic textile is the Iban pua, often referred to as a blanket but more appropriately simply called a cloth. Technically excellent in comparison to any ikat weaving of other cultures, powerful in its allegorical symbol, the warp-ikat pua kumbu an outstanding material culture of Sarawak.
The uses of pua kumbu are numerous and are of great significance in the traditional life of the Iban. They are used in ceremonies: birth, marriage, funeral and healing, as well as in farming rituals. As soon as the child is cleaned after being delivered, he or she is laid upon a pua kumbu.
Bilum / Dakan Date: 06 Sep 2016 Bilum / Dakan:Sickness images (dakan-Mukah dialect) or (bilum-Dalat dialect) are common among the Melanau. Bilum/Dakan is made from sago pith, carved by Bilum/Dakan carver using Kayan knife (small knife), after the shaman consult with him. Dakan/Bilum would be carved according to the problem identified by the shaman. It will be carved from bottom (feet) to top (head). The shaman will transfer the sickness from the patient onto Dakan/Bilum.
Masks Date: 06 Sep 2016 Masks:Represent the expressions of spiritual beings which were believed to exist by the various ethnic groups and which formed part of their religious practices and beliefs. These masks depict various characters which were used in their harvest festivals, fertility rites, healing and soul-catching ceremonies.
Human Skulls Date: 06 Sep 2016 Human Skulls:Human skulls, passed down from their head-hunting ancestors, gone grey and musty over the years, hang on pole, testimony to the stature of the Ibans. Still pagans, the Ibans have given the skulls the pride of place on the ruai, believing still in their supernatural powers.
Replica of Iban Earthen Crocodile Images Date: 06 Sep 2016 Replica of Iban Earthen Crocodile Images:The construction of the earthen crocodile images played an important role among the Iban community in the past decades. This ceremony known as the ‘mali umai’ was held each year either in the month of October or November. The main purpose for the construction of the earthen crocodile images is for protection of the paddy farm against the attack of pests, rodents and locusts so as to ensure a bountiful harvest apart from seeking protection, prosperity and good health from bad spirits. It is believed that the spirit of the crocodile will arise and devour all the pests in the paddy field after the ‘mali umai’ ceremony.